HAPPY 50TH INDEPENDENCE DAY!
– October 24, 2014 –
Today is a BIG day in Zamia. This year celebrates 50 years of independence for the nation! On October 24, 1964, Zambia gained their independence from the United Kingdom.
The Brits came in the 18th century to explore this land that was originally inhabited by Khoisan people. By the end of the 19th century, Zambia become the British protectorate (land that is protected by a stronger state, i.e. Britain) of Northern Rhodesia. During this time, this land was governed by Brits appointed from London who sought counsel and advice from the British South Africa Company (a company led by this Rhodes guy himself- whose intention was to colonize & exploit the resources near the Zambezi River as part of the Scramble for Africa).
And then finally- on October 1964 the country gained their independence under their first president, Kenneth Kaunda- the current prime minister. Kaunda’s socialist party maintained power from 1964 until 1991. He was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba until 2002, where Levy Mwanawasa then became president until his death in 2008. After his death, Rupiah Banda held the office- but for only three years. He was defeated in the election in 2011 by the current and 5th President, Michael Chilufya Sata.
|ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Abby Phillips is the Program Architect of Poetice International.